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A Comparison of Sana’ani Accent to Eloquent Arabic published in

Language Art

Published by Mohammad Beygi
Shahrokh Mohammad Beigi, Mahdi Mohammad Beygi The purpose of this paper is to identify some phonetic characteristics of Sana’ani accent and to compare them with the Standard Arabic language. Sana'a dialect or accent Sana’aniye is the accent of Sana’a people, the capital city of Yemen. Perhaps by the influence of the accent of capital city on the other accents, this accent also is known as Yamani accent, too. Data were collected through methods informal interviews by students of Sana’a university and other native people of Sana’a as Yemen’s spokespersons, and direct observation, collective discussions, analyses of personal documents produced within the group, self-analysis and other methods of field research. And in this article authours’ focuse is on the phonetic changes in pronouns and verbs in this accent.
A Comparison Study of Mutual Fund Investment and Equity Market Returns with Special Reference to Indian Equity Market published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof.R.Murugesan, M.com, MBA, M.Phil, (PhD) ABSTRACT The article was discussed about the mutual fund investments have emerged as important players in the Indian equity market in the recent past. This research makes an attempt to understand whether a relationship exists between Mutual Fund investment and Equity Market returns in India. The past ten years of data was analyzed with appropriate statistical tools to prove the impact of Mutual Fund Investments in Indian Equity Market. Markets become more efficient with the growing presence of institutional investors who predominantly go by fundamentals. The popular belief that fund inflows and returns are positively related. is also proved. Keywords: investments, players, relationship, analyzed, predominantly
A CONCEPT OF SOLAR TRACKER SYSTEM DESIGN published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Meita Rumbayan *1 , Muhamad Dwisnanto Putro 2 Improvement of solar panel efficiency is an ongoing research work recently. Maximizing the output power by integrating with the solar tracker system becomes a interest point of the research. This paper presents the concept in designing a solar tracker system applied to solar panel. The development of solar panel tracker system design that consist of system display prototype design, hardware design, and algorithm design. This concept is useful as the control system for solar tracker to improve the efficency of solar panel as the green energy system. For future work, the prototype of solar tracker construction will develop to implement the proposed system and design algorithm.
A DYNAMIC TOPOLOGY BASED PDORP IN MWSN published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ishaan Kaur , Kumud Sachdeva PDORP is one of the heuristic enhancement technique and a subset subject of swarm knowledge. PDORP depends on recreating the idea of how water drops consolidate to shape waterways and streams thusly join to join the Sea by choosing the most limited way in light of heights of the land through which they stream. An alteration in the PDORP calculation is made to accomplish the goals of the exploration in which a vitality limit set for every hub. In the event of the proposed approach with the low vitality in the subset of system the neighbor hubs of the subset can cover the zone of the kicked the bucket hub. The proposed approach is characterized on the premise of Ant Colony Optimization utilizing which the calculation turn out to be more vitality proficient. Thusly the information dropped because of the substitution of the subset might be diminished so there is a decrease in the vitality dispersal. Utilizing this approach the information dropped and other Quality parameters are likewise enhanced like, deferral, load and throughput and so forth as characterized in results and talk.
A General Review on Interest Corridor as a New Macro Tool in Monetary Policy in the Global Crisis Period published in

Research Journal of Public Finance

Published by FURKAN BE?EL
Selim DURAMAZ İlkay DİLBER Because of global economic crisis which countries feel the effects too much during the period of 6-7 years, countries begin to use different monetary policy tools. Current global crisis has been percieved as a financial crisis firstly, but then has affected the real economy. Before the crisis, all the central banks in the world (includes Turkish Central Bank of course) were using the classical monetary policies such as rediscount rate, open market transections. With the crisis period, new monetary policies such as interest corridor, liquidity management are used together with other monetary policies. With these new policies, central banks begin to control markets faster and more effectively. In the study, in order to explain the effect of interest corridor monetary policy of Turkish Central Bank, corridor rates and their effects have been examined.
A new smart grid device for efficient active and reactive power control in hybrid power system published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
L.Shangavi& Dr.T.Vivekanandasibal Abstract This paper proposes a voltage and reactive coordinative control strategy with Distributed Generator (DG) in a distribution power system. The proposed method reduces the real losses and voltage fluctuations and improve receiving power factor. The proposed method minimizes the real power losses and improves the voltage profile using squared deviations of bus voltages. Coordinated voltage and reactive power control methods that adjust optimal control values of capacitor banks, OLTC, and the AVR of DGs by using a Voltage Sensitivity Factor (VSF) and Dynamic Programming (DP) with Branch-and-Bound (B&B) method. Effectiveness of the proposed method by using operational cost of real power losses and Voltage Deviation Factor as evaluation index for a whole day in a power system with Distributed Generators. Keywords-Coordinated reactive power control, Voltage sensitivity factor, Voltage regulation, Loss minimization, OLTC transformer, Distributed generator.
A New Strategy for Synchronization of Grid-connected Solar Photovoltaic Generation published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
V.LakshmiNarayana Moorthy& Dr.V.Tamilselvan. Abstract This paper presents the interconnection of distorted solar photovoltaic generation to a utility grid, which requires the synchronization between photovoltaic voltage and grid voltage. The voltage imbalance due to harmonic content in photovoltaic system due to power electronic devices results in over currents and undesirable protection tripping. The control structure, that includes current control loop and voltage control loop and filter design for smooth interconnection between photovoltaic system and utility grid. Key words- voltage control loop, current control loop, phase locked loop and power system Interconnection.
A Phonemic Description of Prosodic Meters of Classical Persian Poetry Based on General Phonetics Theory published in

Language Art

Published by Mohammad Beygi
Maryam Nournamaee, Jalal Rahimian The aim of phonemic description of prosodic meters of classical Persian poetry was applying the theoretical framework of General Phonetics in: 1. Describing the prosodic meters, 2. Indicating the phonemic differences between prosodic poetry and Standard Persian language, 3. Investigating the changes of phonemes and syllabic patterns before and after applying prosodic meters on their syllabic segmentations. Therefore, some verses with prosodic meters have been selected randomly, and their syllabic segmentations have been indicated before and after applying prosodic meters on them. Regarding the structures of the syllabic patterns of Persian language, the results indicated clear differences in the syllabic patterns of prosodic meters of Persian poetry. 1. The number of prosodic quantities is lower than that of Standard Persian language considering type of meter, 2. the behaviors of vowels and consonants in prosodic poetry differ from the behaviors of vowels and consonants in Standard Persian language extensively; consonants can be solely presented as a prosodic quantity, and none of the Persian vowels have a fixed length in the context of prosodic poetry.
A Review on Big data Analytics in the field of Agriculture published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
ANANTHA RAMAN G R* & BALAMURUGAN C** Abstract Big Data Analytics is a Data-Driven technology useful in generating significant productivity improvement in various industries by collecting, storing, managing, processing and analysing various kinds of structured and unstructured data. The role of big data in Agriculture provides an opportunity to increase economic gain of the farmers by undergoing digital revolution in this aspect we examine through precision agriculture schemas equipped in many countries. This paper reviews the applications of big data to support agriculture. In addition it attempts to identify the tools that support the implementation of big data applications for agriculture services. The review reveals that several opportunities are available for utilizing big data in agriculture; however, there are still many issues and challenges to be addressed to achieve better utilization of this technology. Keywords—Agriculture, Big data Analytics, Hadoop, HDFS, Farmers
A review on gender linguistics studies published in

Language Art

Published by Mohammad Beygi
Roozbeh Moradi Gender linguistics is a cynosure branch within the framework of language sociology and it deals with the effect that the gender, as a variable, has on the creation of lingual diversities. Because a great many of the social-cultural concepts, including gender, are multifaceted, one-dimensional and absolute perceptions of such concepts lead to some sort of superficiality, particularly in research areas. The present article, firstly, deals with the presentation of the notions opined by two prominent figures of the field, namely Robin Lakoff, 1975 and Deborah Tannen, 1990. Then, it is attempted, through a probe into the most recent studies carried out in the years from 2008 to 2016, to elaborate more on this study field. The results of the study are indicative of the idea that the applied linguistics researchers are more interested, than the others, in the survey of the gender effect and role in language and this effect has been, especially, evaluated regarding the second language learning but this field of study is found with numerous shortcomings the most important of which is the negligence of the propounded gender-related theories.
A REVIEW THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CELIAC DISEASE AND LMW GS IN WHEAT OF TURKEY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mehmet Esen*1 & İsmail Naneli 2 Gluten enteropathy (Celiac Disease) is an autoimmune and food-borne proximal small bowel disease that develops as a permanent intolerance to gluten-like cereal proteins. Our country is 67 683 CD according to recent data from the Ministry of Health Information System, Sivas and Tokat, respectively; 272, 394 live in the CD. Gluten enteropathy; hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, hypoproteinemia, severe diarrhea resulting in lack of iron and folic acid can lead to the clinical picture characterized by dehydration, and metabolic changes. In a range of clinical gluten or gluten-like proteins take by mouth, combinations of HLA molecules resulting gliadin peptides with the small intestinal mucosa occurs. The strong humoral and cytotoxic cellular response of IgA to glutamine-forming gliadin occurs and the gliadin molecule is toxic. It is important to detect antigliadin antibody, anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody and/or anti-endomicin antibody in the celiac epithelium. Levels of these antibodies decline with a strict gluten-free diet or are expected to disappear completely. Glyadines in wheat varieties; sulfur-rich (alpha, beta, gamma) and sulfur-poor (omega) as they fall into two groups. In this study, some bread wheat cultivars were investigated with Lmw Gs of alpha, beta, gamma gliadins which are harmful to celiac disease and especially bread wheat cultivars with less alpha and beta gliadin bands were detected. The identification of wheat cultivars with fewer gliadin bands is important for breeders to develop wheat gliadin free from celiac disease
A STUDY AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF OLORUNSOGO THERMAL POWER PLANT IN NIGERIA published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
C. U. Okoye* 1 , O. A. Adeniji2 and A. O. Sunmonu Nigeria with a population of well over 170 million people derives her bulk electricity supply from both Hydro and Thermal power plants. The plants, located in different parts of the country should be such that power should be generated and delivered to consumers efficiently and appropriately. This calls for the need to evaluate the performance of these plants periodically to ensure that they are kept in top form. The Olorunsogo Thermal power plant with an installed capacity of 690MW was studied, analysed and evaluated using data covering 2013 to 2017.The results show that the maximum overall efficiency (32.01%) occurred in 2015 as against the expected value of 40 – 45%. The minimum overall efficiency (25.29%) was recorded in 2017. Similarly, the maximum and minimum overall thermal efficiencies were 32.66% and 25.81% and they occurred in 2015 and 2017 respectively. The reliability figures were 86.54% (maximum), attained in 2015 and 83.79% (minimum) scored in 2016. The international best practice recommends 60% and above for overall efficiency and 75% and above for thermal efficiency and 98% and above for reliability respectively. Comparatively, the calculated values of performance indices fell short of the international standard. Besides, the average overall efficiency in the years under study was 29.0%, the thermal equivalent was 29.6% and the reliability index was 85.6%. These calculated indices definitely vary from the standard, implying that the plant performance has to be improved upon. How this could be done has been suggested
A Study on Brand Awareness of IDBI Fedral Life Insurance with Special Reference to Coimbatore Region published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. R.Murugesan Abstract Brand awareness, as one of the fundamental dimensions of brand equity, is often considered to be a prerequisite of consumers‟ buying decision, as it represents the main factor for including a brand in the consideration set. Brand awareness can also influence consumers‟ perceived risk assessment and their confidence in the purchase decision, due to familiarity with the brand and its characteristics. On the other hand, brand awareness can be depicted into at least two facets – unaided (brand recall) and aided (brand recognition) – each of the two facets having its more or less effective influence on buying decision and perceived risk assessment. This paper tries to reveal, on one hand, the importance of unaided brand awareness when it comes to consumers‟ buying decision and, on the other hand, the importance of aided brand awareness when assessing the perceived risk associated with the purchase. The analysis is conducted in a comparative manner, considering the case of durable versus non-durable products, and with focus on urban Romanian consumers. Keywords: Brand awareness, consumers, confidence, risk associated, analysis, focus
A Study on Conflict Management Reference to Tamilnadu Govt Co-operative Milk Producers published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. Dr. T.VETRIVEL Abstract The title of the Article is conflict management adopted by employees in Tamilnadu Govt cooperative milk producers. The main objective of the study is to analyze the various conflict resolving strategies. The research is based on through primary data. The assessment has been with reference to solution oriented, non – confrontational and control and also has focused on giving specific suggestion to improve the relation in industrial sector. it is hoped the findings on the present study could provide an empirical bases upon which conflict management strategies adopted by the employee has styled to meet their need of the industrial people. Key words: conflict resolving strategies, non-confrontational, improve relation
A Study on Consumer Satisfaction of Aavin Milk Diray with Special Reference to Krishnagiri Branch Tamilnadu. published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof .R.Murugesan Abstract Milk is an essential commodity, which is inevitable in our day to –day life. Is any human being who does not taste milk throughout his life. Right from child hood the consumption of milk becomes a daily affair. The research approach for this study was conclusive research. Conclusive researches are designed to help executives to choose among various possible alternative to make a viable business decision. Further this research was of descriptive type, which is an off shoot of conclusive research. The problem for this research was non-operating in nature the data both primary and secondary data, the source was one hundred fifty respondents for primary data. For the proper analysis of data simple statistical techniques such as percentage are used. It helped in making more accurate generalization from the data available. The objectives of the study are: To find out the market leader of the milk in Krishnagiri town. To analysis the buying decision of the customer in the competitive environment. To determine the important factors that influences the purchase of the milk by customers. To study the various sales promotional activities under taken by different brands. Statement of the problem is Brand preference is an attempt to understand and predict human action in buying decision. These actions can play a great role in future market potentials of packet milk. Totally 50 respondents have been interviewed and the data have been collected. The area of study has been restricted to Krishnagiri town area totally in 50 respondents were selected at random for the purpose of the study. Key words: essential commodity, consumption, business decision, problem, market leader
A Study on Customer Satisfaction towards LIC with Special Reference to Nagercoil City published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof..D.SAHAYA BEULA & prof. DR.V.P.VELMURUGAN ABSTRACT Life Insurance is a social security tool. It provides the much needed security and when the income of the head of the family ceases owing to the unexpected risk, the family is protected to the extent of insurance coverage. It is the largest insurance company in India. It is a contract between an insurance policy holder and an insurer or assurer, where the insurer promises to pay a designated beneficiary a sum of money in exchange for a premium, upon the death of an insured person. The Government of India has nationalized life insurance industry established in 1956. LIC of India with a mission to spread the message of life insurance to rural areas. The review of literature helped in understanding the characteristics of the insurance. In order to maintain customer relationship, life insurance companies should provide proper services whenever and wherever it is required. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is one of the newest innovations in customer service today. Good CRM also helps to grow business and customers stay longer; referrals to new customers. In the present scenario, insurance companies are facing problem of selling insurance product. The agents have faced various problems in their profession. These papers are covered customer satisfaction towards LIC with special reference to nagercoil city. The overall objective of this project is to analyze the level of satisfaction among customers in Life Insurance product. This study would enable to the management to know about the level of customer satisfaction and it helps the management, to take corrective actions in areas where the changes are necessary to attract the employees. Key words: Customer Satisfaction, Customer life time, Consumer behavior, GST, CRM
A Study on Difficulties Faced by Working Women Before Going to Their Work Station published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
P.Vanitha &.Dr.S.Kuppusamy Abstract Everyone in this world is looking for a change in their family life. In olden days women’s position is home care where she looked after her children and cooked food for her family. But now the women have entered mostly in all the fields and they have achieved a lot. In order to satisfy both work life and family life they face so many difficulties and also try to overcome the problems and run their family happy. This paper explores the difficulties faced by the working women before going to their jobs. This paper discusses mainly on several activities of working women, which they feel difficult and stressful and which activity affects their job performance. The results indicate that the working women find extremely difficult for preparing breakfasts, lunch and dinner, making their children to get ready for school, cross checking their homework, children in the care of others, dropping their children in school, driving in the morning traffic, catching the institutional vehicle or other means of transport in order reach their work station, purchasing household items like vegetables, fruits, pulses etc., And working beyond working hours, most of them undertake several activities which tend to have an impact on their work schedule for the day Keywords— Working women, family life, Difficulties and stress
A Study on Efficiency Analysis of Portfolio Creation by Considering Risk Factor in India Infoline Ltd with special reference to Cochin published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
R.Murugesan, Dr.T.Vetrivel Abstract The articles are to find investors investing their entire savings in a single security instead they tend to invest in a group of securities. Such a group of securities is called portfolios. Creation of portfolio helps to reduce to risk without sacrificing returns. Portfolio management deals with the analysis of individuals securities. As well as with the theory and practice of optimally combing securities into portfolios and investor who understand the fundamentals principals and analytical aspects of portfolio management have a better chance of success. Risk in inherent in any investment. Nonpayment of interest or variability if returns while some investment like government securities and bank deposits are almost riskless. Others are more risky. Risk and returns of investments are related. Normally, the higher is the risk the higher is the returns. The articles conducted for the India info line limited is basically carried out to study the portfolio creation and to find out the risk factors effecting the portfolio creation and to find out the risk factors affecting the portfolio creation and to analysis the performance of investment by conducting the financial survey, the researcher analysis that the selection of financial instruments depends on many factors. And also willingness to take risk depends up on the age group .the researcher makes a relation between age group and risk affordability of the investors. Key Words: investors, instead, fundamentals, returns, carried out,
A Study on Employee Attrition with Special Reference to Software Company in Bangalore city published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. R.Murugesan Prof Dr.T.Vetrivel Abstract The term attrition as the process or state of being gradually worn down. Accordingly the attrition process sometimes starts after a person is employed in an organization and ends when he quits or retires. The process, in a sense, spreads over the entire period of employment that may be a span of about 40 years. But in the modern day business and employment relations attrition is often not a gradual process. this paper tells about the study of employee attrition rate in the Software Company. the objective reveals to find out the level of dissatisfaction among employees towards their job, to identify remedial measures, to reduce attrition at Software Company scope of this paper tells study can help the management to know for which reason employees tend to change their job in this organization through dissatisfaction factors faced in the organization and also help to find out the problems , it provides suggestions and it develop a long term technology strategy while remaining flexible. limitation of the study was restricted only time constraints of the employees would have influenced their responses, research methodology used were percentage method, Karl Pearson’s correlation, chi-square test, it is suggested that global recession and attrition can be taken as an issue for discussion and research can be interpreted that majority of the employees give the opinion for excellent opportunity for complaint and resolution, the paper captures the unique blend of attrition and causes of attrition for organization. Keywords: attrition, voluntary attrition, involuntary attrition, compulsory attrition,
A Study on Employee Motivation with Special Reference to Private Beer company in Pondicherry published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. Dr. BALASUBRAMANIAN Abstract The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that effects employee motivation and examining the relationship between organizational effectiveness and employee motivation. A model was designed based on the literature, linking factors of employee motivation with employee motivation and organizational effectiveness. Three hypotheses were build based on the literature and the model and were tested in perspective of the previous studies and literature.Empowerment and recognition have positive effect on employee motivation& training . More the empowerment and recognition of employees in an organization is increased. More will their motivation to work will enhance. Also there exists a positive relationship between employee motivation and organizational effectiveness. The more the employees are motive to tasks accomplishment higher will the organizational performance and success. The study focuses on the practice and observance the two central factors, empowerment and employee recognition for enhancing employee motivation which leads to organizational effectiveness of the training program. The organizations should design their rules, policies and organizational structures that give space to the employee to work well and appreciate them on their tasks fulfillment and achievements. This will surely lead to organizational growth. Key words; motivation, relationship, build, empowerment, effectiveness, structures,
A Study on Ethical Implications in Different Business Functional Applications published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
S.Prasanna, S. Abishek Abstract Business ethics is dealing with the judgment revolves around right or wrong, good or bad. Besides every business people need to conduct their business operations without any impartial treatment of one with another. This research paper focuses on different form of ethical implications under various functional areas such as marketing, human resources, production, systems etc. Any business has to consider all aspects of ethical practices in order to survive in the competitive market place. There are number of theories focuses on ethical form of functional applications to satisfy the stakeholders at large. The customer are the backbone for any business operations, hence the business need to be fair and loyal with their target audience. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) plays vital role in attaining sustainable position in the market. Besides different functional heads need to realize the value of ethical implications in their business strategies and practices. Keywords: Judgment, impartial treatment, functional areas, stakeholders.
A Study on Female Shopping Behavior with Reference to Durable Goods – A Critical Analysis published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
R.Renukadevi, Dr.T.Vetrivel Abstract Shopping is an activity that every one of us faces nearly every day. Normally women shows active interest to buy durable goods such as books, cars, jewels, clothes and any other thing that one might want to make a happy living. When it comes to shopping each of them having their own whims and fancy towards it. The perception of women in purchase behavior whether to buy or not to buy is vary in terms of quality, price, proximity, getting opinions from neighbors etc. Mowen and Minor (1998) define consumer behavior as a study of the buying units and the exchange processes involved in acquiring, consuming, and disposing of goods, services, experiences, and ideas. The main objective of this study is to investigate the shopping behavior of women for durable goods and analyze the various factors influencing the women at the time of purchase of durable goods. Key words: Shopping, durable goods, consumer behavior, buying units.
A study on HR policy in Molex India business services Private limited at Bangalore published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. Dr. BALASUBRAMAIAN Abstract Human Resource policies refer to principles and rules of conduct which “formulate, redefine, break into details and decide a number of actions” that govern the relationship with employees in the attainment of the organization objectives. And To study the amendments in the HR Policies of Molex India Business Services sample size: Here, researcher has taken 30 as the sample size. The Training should be mandatory for all level of employee The departments should develop constructive attitude towards each other. A more transparent and full proof communication system developed in the organization. Key words: Human Resource, relationship, attainment, Business Services, constructive
A Study on Impact Factor of Productivity Level of Employees with special Reference to Maa Fruits Industries in Krishnagiri District published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Mr.R.VIGNESHWARAN, Prof .R.MURUGESAN
A Study on Impact factor ofSelf Help Groups (SHGs) Should Balance or Break published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. Dr.V.SIVAKUMAR Mr.A.ARULKUMAR ABSTRACT Self Help Groups (SHGs) enhance the equality of status of women in participation, decision making and shared benefits in the democratic, economic, social and cultural spheres of life. The rural poor are in-capacitated due to various reasons such as socially backwardness, illiteracy, low motivation and poor economic base. The present study is vital to motivate the public for forming a large number of SHGs in general and building confidence among the existing members of SHGs in particular for their socio – economic betterment. The main objectives of the study are i) to ascertain the financial problems faced by the Women SHGs ii) to analyse the capacity building in respect of financial activities attained by the Women SHGs, iii) to examine the financial prospects of the Women SHGs, iv) to assess the level of satisfaction of Women SHGs. Both the primary and secondary data were used extensively. Based on the data analyses and research findings, it is concluded that members’ satisfaction towards SHGs activities depends on financial prospects and in turn financial prospects depend on capacity building programme which means capacity building programme has an impact on financial prospects and ultimately financial prospects have impact on the members’ satisfaction. There is a need for concerted and synchronized effort among the members of SHGs, authorities and banks. These coordinated efforts will improve the financial prospects and the level of satisfaction among the members. The high extent of financial prospects will improve their living standards and social status. Consequently, it will lead to women empowerment. If SHGs that have formed mainly to access bank loans break every few years, they can retain the confidence of lenders – and reduce their monitoring costs - without balancing. SHGs committed to saving are fewer. But identifying them and investing in their capabilities has key developmental benefits. A firmer foundation can be built, able to support greater local capital formation through compounding of retained earnings over time. This can help members achieve their savings goals, while fuelling village development through reinvestment of retained earnings. Key Words: Women Empowerment, Backwardness, Financial Prospects, Capital Formation
A Study on Online Telecom Customer Service System with Special Reference to Bangalore city published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Mr.C.SARATHKUMAR& Prof.R.MURUGESAN Abstract The Article entitled “Online Telecom Customer Service System” helps to accomplish this task of solving and clarifying the customers‟ queries. This product facilitates the user to submit online complaints independent of the system. This system has been developed by using The “Online Telecom Customer Service System” can be used by a Telecom Company to provide online support to its customers. This mayinclude questions about their services or even complaints the customers may have.Although a manual system can be done, time plays an important role in customer satisfaction. A customer always expects services to be offered as soon as possible and the organization is responsible for making sure its customers stay satisfied. Client module is used for handling the customer complaints and stores it in the database. CSR module is concerned with the processing complaints and giving solution to the complaints. Quality Assurance module is concerned with verifying and monitoring the performance the CSR. As most organizations are going, or are already online, the “Online Telecom Customer Service System” will prove an added advantage to them in this internet world. Keywords:Online,customers,complaints,plays,services,responsible,solution
A Study on the Cool Drinking’s Production Organizational Culture and Its Impact on Employee Behavior published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. N.BALACHANDRAN Abstract Organizational culture as the accepted norms and values that is associated with a particular company. These norms are also passed on from one group of the organization to another and To identify the relationship of organization culture the employee behavior along with know the employee attitude conflict. Research design Descriptive study – descriptive research studies are those studies which are concerned with describing the characteristics of a particular individual, or group. The main objective of this study is to acquire knowledge. Total populations: 2000 employees. Sample size; The sampling size of the research study is only 100 Respondents Organizational culture is linked to employee behavior in that the latter is an expression of the former. If managers try their best to institute changes in the organization that influence organizational culture, this will be expressed by employee behavior and can actually create competitive advantage. Key words: culture, associated, relationship, main objective, employee behavior
A SURVEY OF AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINE USAGE IN NORTH INDIA published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Shweta Sankhwar*1 & Dhirendra Pandey2 A machine that hand out cash or executes several banking services at a swipe of Automated Teller Machine (ATM) card in it. An ATM is a machine is use to withdraw cash using a debit card issued by a bank to the consumer(s). An ATM card is issued by a financial organization that permits user to access an Automated Teller Machine (ATM) such as to deposit amount, cash withdrawals, to check account information, etc. It is now preferred to cash by a large majority of the urban population in many cities of India, who use it to take out when necessary. This survey is conducted in a state of India i.e., Uttar Pradesh. This survey paper is based on the questionnaire which covers the problems of ATM and Satisfaction & dissatisfaction level toward internet banking. This survey communicates that the ATMs facilitates people’s life but same way there are several problems and vulnerabilities which fraudster are taking advantage.
A SURVEY OF ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF DEVELOPING SMART DEVICES USING MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Parshva Jain*1 & Rahul Vijayvargiya In the digital world everything is developing faster and powerfully. New technologies will be introducing by the IT expects to make the devices more user friendly and more intelligent by modifying the functionality in such manner, that the work of individuals will become cost effective and efficient. More complex problem can be easily tackled and solved. The algorithm which helps to developed intelligent devices that can handled the complex and unsolvable problem is known as machine learning algorithm. In this paper, we will discuss the issues and challenges that can be occur to developed smart devices and also we will study the different algorithms provided by machine learning
A SURVEY ON SCALABLE VIDEO CODING APPROACH FOR WIRELESS VIDEO TRANSMISSION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Dr.Ruksar Fatima, Mr.Vinay Warad Wireless Ad Hoc Networks are characterized by their ability to communicate amongst one another independently of any existent infrastructure. Such networks could be vital for multiple applications like medical applications, for emergency applications, rescue operations to name a few. Support for multimedia applications over wireless ad hoc networks has gained tremendous momentum in the past decade. The survey presented here is primarily targeted towards realization of real time video communication in wireless ad hoc networks. When any video is transmitted from a transmitter to a receiver in any wireless network, various video packets may be lost due to channel errors, transmission errors or low bandwidth. Active video communications are time critical and to attain the required Quality of Service it is essential to minimize the packet loss. In such a scenario, a client joining the broadcast service only requests the scalable layers, which provide either a signal that the device is capable or chooses to process. From the past industrial result it is seen that the transmission of multiple video signals using SVC is much more efficient in terms of bit-rate compared to simulcast transmission.As the video stream is passed from one node to another, in order to reduce the packet losses in the transmission path, several frames are introduced through which transmissions are to take place. The video streams are made to pass through this frames
A Survival Study on Data Gathering and Targe Tracking Techniques for Energy Efficient Routing in WSN published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof. Nilabar Nisha.U & prof.Dr.Mahabub Basha.A ABSTRACT Wireless Sensor Network comprises thousands of small sensor nodes in a physical environment for monitoring and reporting the events. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are forecasted for gathering the data like physical or environmental properties from geographical area. Data gathering is based on the wireless communications between the sensor node and the sink node. Target tracking and multiple data collection are significant application in wireless sensor network. In Wireless Sensor Network, sensor nodes are used to sense the target object with minimum energy and collect data from different locations. However in existing techniques during routing, data gathering and target tracking, the energy consumption was not reduced and network lifetime was not improved. Our key objective is to reduce the energy consumption and data gathering efficiency during the data gathering and target tracking process in WSN. In this work, a survey is carried out with existing techniques for attaining higher energy efficient routing and maximal data gathering efficiency with minimal target tracking time in WSN. Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network, Data gathering, Routing, Target tracking, Geographical area, energy consumption
ACTIVE ISLANDING DETECTION TECHNIQUE FOR PV-VSC-BASED SYSTEM WITH PCC VOLTAGE HARMONIC PROFILE INJECTION-BASED HYBRID GRID SYSTEM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Pratibha S Kundu *1 , C O Reddy Optimal selection and sizing of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) is an important research problem for the Advancement of distributed power systems. Integrated micro grid is an innovative architecture in distributed power systems, in which several micro grids are interconnected with each other for superior control and management of the distributed power systems[1]. Right coordination among DER in micro grids, and proper harmony among the micro grids and the main distribution grid are critical challenges. Types of DER and capacities of them are needed to optimize such that proposed integrated micro grid provides reliable supply of energy at cheap cost. In this research, the problem is formulated as a nonlinear mixed-integer minimization problem which minimizes capital and annual operational cost of DER subject to a variety of system and unit constraints. Evolutionary strategy was developed for solving the minimization problem by using matlab model
Aesthetics Review of Seyfe Farghani’s Lyrics published in

Language Art

Published by Mohammad Beygi
Shiva Mottahed The aesthetics of Persian language is the analysis of poems' figures of speech. When we are analyzing the diction of Persian poems, we find similes, metaphors, allusions, synecdoches and symbols or when we are speaking of the secondary objective of the poet or even we talk about the prosodic meter of a poetry; all are aesthetic analysis of Persian language. Seyfe Farghani is one of the greatest poets in Persian language, but his coincide with the great, Saadi, and his immigration to Minor Asia, were the causes of his remaining unknown; he has been not known as he should be in spite of his wits and harmonious lyrics. Therefore, this research has analyzed the structural aesthetics of Seyfe Farghani’s lyrics, figures of speech and sensibility. This article also indicate the influence of Saadi Shirazi on this witty poet in 7 A.H.
AGE GROUP CLASSIFICATION USING MACHINE LEARNING TECHNIQUES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Arshdeep Singh Syal*1 & Abhinav Gupta A human face provides a lot of information that allows another person to identify characteristics such as age, sex, etc. Therefore, the challenge is to develop an age group prediction system using the automatic learning method. The task of estimating the age group of the human from their frontal facial images is very captivating, but also challenging because of the pattern of personalized and non-linear aging that differs from one person to another. This paper examines the problem of predicting the age group of the human being based on presenting a facial image with improved accuracy of the estimate. The objective of this study is to construct a framework and later an algorithm that helps to estimate the age group with the reasonable accuracy of facial images. In this paper, we present a method for prediction by age group in which the age group is predicted by the detection of face or face reference points using the Viola - Jones algorithm. After detecting the face, features that include geometric characteristics, wrinkle characteristics and HOG characteristics are extracted, and then these extracted features are used to train a classifier using the neural network. The system used a self-construction database for the age group classification. Finally, the identification rate achieved by the HOG-Neural Network model produces better results
AN EFFECTIVE AND SECURED TECHNIQUE FOR SIDE-CHANNEL ATTACKS IN CLOUD published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Adi Maheswara Reddy G 1 , Dr K Venkata Rao2 , Dr JVR Murthy3 Nowadays in cloud based business services have risks of side channel attacks. Cache-based side channel attack, cross-VM side channel attacks are the serious threat and security pitfall under same cloud network services. In order to provide more security and less infrastructure investment leads to challenging task. In this paper, the discussions on various levels of attacks on VM ware based solution under same cloud network computing, vulnerabilities to other cloud services, security weakness and counter measures in cryptographic algorithms.
An Evaluation Of Privatization Concept In Respect Of Local Government published in

Research Journal of Public Finance

Published by FURKAN BE?EL
Tarık VURAL Privatization is, generally, defined as sale of Public Economic Enterprises’ (PEEs) assets to private firms. This is definition of privatization in narrow sense. However, privatization, in broad sense is defined as all practices related to decreasing share of state in economy. In this context, provision of local governments services by private sector can be regarded as privatization in broad sense. There are a lot of reasons for administrators favoring privatization. The most important reasons are: namely, efficiency, cost savings and enhancing service quality. In this study, first local government and privatization concepts are defined briefly and later privatization is evaluated in respect of local governments examining privatization concept from the many points of view.
AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON SOIL STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL BY USING INORGANIC CHEMICALS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Jitendra Nayak*1 & Tapas Singh Expansive soils in India are a boon to farmers but problematic to civil engineers, particularly to geotechnical engineers. Foundation structures experience large scale damage due to change in properties of soil. The design of foundations and pavements founded on swelling soils always involve a certain degree of risk and damage. Usually high degree of risk is associated even with the lowest cost of the design alternative. Thus it is necessary to explore various foundation alternatives in expansive soils. The foundation alternatives include: Strip foundation, Pad foundation, Pad and beam foundation, Pile and beam foundation, Pier and beam foundation, Reinforced Strip or Stiffened foundation, Skirted footing and Skirted stone column etc. These methods have several limitations. Also there are simple techniques such as Pre-wetting, Environmental control with limited applicability. Most feasible methods rely on improving the soil properties. There are several techniques available to improve the soil properties. In this investigation, an attempt has been made to study the effect of the chemicals like Sodium Carbonate (Na2C03), Calcium Carbonate (CaC03), on the geotechnical properties of an expansive soil. Maximum improvement found in CBR value when 1.00% of the chemical used in case of Sodium Carbonate (Na2C03) and Calcium Carbonate (CaC03) and after all calculations it is found that Calcium Carbonate (CaC03) is more effective in improving the CBR values of the admixed soil when compared to Sodium carbonate.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON MODIFICATION OF GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF EXPANSIVE SOIL THROUGH INORGANIC CHEMICALS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Jitendra Nayak*1 & Tapas Singh Construction of foundation and other civil engineering structures on weak or soft soil involves risk due to the susceptibility of high compressive and poor shear strength. In the constructions of foundation on soft soils, the subsoil needs to have adequate bearing capacity and shear strength to prevent unnecessary differential settlements and shear failure of the substructure. If the bearing capacity and shear strength is insufficient, it can be increased by replacing good soil in place of bad soil, which involves high financial aspects or improve the properties of existing soil by ground improvement techniques. There are several techniques available to improve the soil properties. In this investigation, an attempt has been made to study the effect of the chemicals like Sodium Carbonate (Na2C03), Calcium Carbonate (CaC03), on the geotechnical properties of an expansive soil. 1.25% amount of Sodium Carbonate (Na2C03) and Calcium Carbonate (CaC03) is found effective in reducing the plasticity characteristics to a certain extent in the tested range when mixed with soil. The pH values of soil admixed with Sodium Carbonate (Na2C03) and Calcium Carbonate (CaC03) is also higher than that of the untreated soil.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON TENSION SOFTENING BEHAVIOR OF FIBER REINFORCED CONCRETE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
K. Krupuavaram*1 & M.P. Surya Prakash The project aims to study tensile softening behavior of fiber reinforced concrete .Concrete is very much weak in tension but by addition of randomly oriented short crimped steel fibers will change the behavior from brittle to ductile. In the present work, the steel fibers were added at the volume fraction, being 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% to the normal strength concrete and high strength concrete. The effects of steel fibbers on the tensile behavior of high and normal strength are investigated. In the project work the tensile behavior of concrete reinforced with steel fiber contents was assessed performing direct tensile tests .The fracture energy of conventional SFRC was independent of the specimen size. The fracture energy of SFRC with high strength matrix and normal strength matrix was dependent on the tensile strength of the steel fibers. From the results found that with an increase in % of fibers the tensile softening behavior increases and fracture energy also increases.
AN IMPROVED ACKNOWLEDGMENT SCHEME FOR DETECTING MISBEHAVING NODES IN MANETS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Rajveer Kaur*1, Shaveta Rani2 , Paramjeet Singh In Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET), mobile devices communicate via wireless links without the aid of any fixed infrastructure. The need of corporation for routing and data forwarding, lack of central monitoring, wireless medium and energy constrained battery operated nodes make the MANETs susceptible to security threats. A Selfish node may refuse to forward the packets of other nodes to save its own resources or a malicious node may drop the packets to disrupt the network function. Such selfish or malicious nodes are named as misbehaving nodes. In this paper, we propose an acknowledgment based scheme I-ACK (Improved ACKnowledgment), to detect packet dropping attack by misbehaving nodes and prevent these nodes to be chosen for path establishment. It is improved version of existing scheme AACK. We simulate this scheme using NS2 and compare the results with TWOACK and AACK schemes. I-ACK gives better Packet Delivery Ratio and lesser Routing overhead as compared to above two schemes. It shows visibly improved performance for the longer routes.
Analysis and Design of Hostel Building with Special Reference to Krishnagiri published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Prof.P.KARTHIKEYAN Abstract This Article Presents the Functional Planning, Structural, design and estimate of “hostel building” The proposed building to be constructed nearby krishnagiri. There is no in that zone. So it is planned to construct the proposed building nearby in krishnagiri.The plinth area of the proposed building is 2460 m2The plinth area rate of the building is 11000/m2The approximate building cost is R.s. 1,02,3 0,000/-The building consists of the following Mess hall, Warden room, Kitchen,. Games zones, Toilet, Conference hall, Bath rooms, Rooms, Gym, Staircase, Store room,. Canteen. As per NBC recommenders water supply and sanitary arrangements has been provided at required places for effective use of rain water harvesting structure and recycling the water is also included in this article the guide lines are taken from IS 456-2000 and limit state method of design is going to be adopted. The rates are taken from the current schedule of rates for the year 2016-2017. Located at Krishnagiri district. Key words Structural, proposed, Rooms, recycling
ANALYSIS OF DEEP DRAWING PROCESS FOR VARIOUS PARAMETERS USING FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mrs. C. Sucharitha1 , Dr. J SureshKumar The main objective of this paper is to find the most effective parameters in deep drawing process to produce a cup of required shape and size. Limit Drawing Ratio is one of the parameters that indicate the drawability of material. It is defined as the ratio of blank diameter to punch diameter at the onset of tearing. Deep drawing products in modern industries usually have a complicated shape, so these have to undergo several successive operations to obtain a final desired shape. In this work the effect of various parameters like die and punch corner radii, clearance, friction coefficient between die and punch, punch diameter on limit drawing ratio is investigated and presented by using an explicit finite element code LS-DYNA 3D.
ANALYSIS OF SCALE EFFECTS ON THE BEHAVIOR OF COMPOSITE STRUCTURES: CASE OF AUTOMOTIVE BOD published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
TIKRI Bianzeubé, Wel-Doret DJONGLIBET, DJEUMAKO Bonaventure, For many years, composite materials include automotive industries to improve their performance. Manufacturers are constantly looking for a method of reducing scales presents various advantages. This work aims to show the influence of folds fittings techniques during the downscaling of a multilayer composite structure notched or un-notched, requested static. A numerical study is conducted on the plate-shaped structures. The results confirm the interest of the similarity. Similarities of meaningful relationships appear to be subject to the reproduction of the same modes of deformation and crushing. The results show that there is no difference between "ply level" technique and technology "sub laminate" and the technique of "reducing neutral report."
ANALYSIS OF SHALL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER TO ENHANCE THE PERFORMANCE OF BOILER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ashutosh Kumar*1 & Yash Kumar2 This paper present an approach for the optimization of shall and tube heat exchanger for inline tube arrangement. Poor performance for shall and tube heat exchanger is a reason for higher unit heat rate & deterioration for boiler efficiency due to losses of flue gas temperature as a sensible heat loss. Here different value of velocity is used to find out the flow characteristics on CFD. & it shows that fluid velocity affects the overall heat transfer coefficient
Analysis of soil erosion using remote sensing and gis in hosur taluk, tamilnadu published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Sureshbabu.B, B.M. Purushothaman Abstract For the analysis of soil erosion of remote sensing data and the geographical information system (GIS) has become a breakthrough in the field of soil analysis zones. In this project, various soil erosion zones for the assessment of soil availability at Hosur , Krishnagiri District have been delineated using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Survey of India top sheets, LISS IV imageries are used to prepare various thematic map layers viz. soil erosion, slope, land-use, soil, and rainfall were transformed to raster data using feature to raster converter tool in Arc GIS.Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) derived from Remote Sensing data (Land sat-TM) was used in this study to assess the vegetative cover. Keywords: Remote sensing, Soil Erosion, Thematic maps.
ANALYSIS OF WAVELETS USED IN COMPRESSED SENSING FOR IMAGE COMPRESSION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Naval Solanki*, Mrs. Jyoti Pipariya Wavelet analysis has engrossed more researchers in the field because of its analyzing ability for fastly solving and altering transient signals. Wavelet investigates its capability to analyze locally i.e. localized area can be analyzed for any larger signal. Wavelet analysis is can reveal data aspects which other techniques for image analysis may fail to notice aspects such as tendency, discontinuities of higher derivatives, breakdown points, and self-similarity. Wavelet Theory has significance in image analysis, signal processing, transient signal analysis, communication systems. Also wavelet has captivated interest of researchers in active area of signal processing, data compression, harmonic analysis, operator theory, fractals and quantum field theory. The wavelet transform for de-noise the color image signal is noteworthy footstep in handling noise. Wavelet employed for de-noising can be executed with no smoothing of sharp structures. Wavelet transform provides more stability in reconstruction of true color image signal. This paper presents the performance of DWT algorithms for compressing color image.
App Analytics: A Future Trend published in

International Journal of Research Review in Engineering and Management

Published by IJRREM
Dr. E. Dinesh, Dr.T.Vetrivel Abstract The utilization of portable application investigation device assumes a key part in the accomplishment of any versatile application. The commercialization of versatile application does not stop with simple dispatch of the application in the portable application store. Like web applications, portable applications, etc and it includes constant checking of the application execution from end client ease of use viewpoint. In spite of the fact that you have built up a quality application, you have to fuse some system to keep up your application's development through watchful checking and altering the components or usefulness in view of your intended interest group's needs and needs. There are wide range of analytical tool for the mobile application and choosing the right one for your app and business shall be a long term analysis process. This paper gives an overview on the need for analytics tools, how it helps in monetization, various tools available in the market and the recommended approach. Key words: versatile, dispatch, execution, In spite of, development, analytical
APPROPRIATENESS EVALUATION OF TURBO MATCHING OF A58N70 AND A58N75 TURBOCHARGERS WITH COMMERCIAL VEHICLE ENGINE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Badal Dev Roy *1 , Dr. R. Saravanan 2 High density charged boosting for commercial vehicles at higher load is utmost requirement. Turbocharger is such charge booster for automotive engines. Proper selection of turbocharger can avoid disadvantages of surge, choke in the charge flow to engine. apart from many methods this research preferred the On-Road test type matching for evaluation. The initial matching performance carried by the simulation. The validation of simulated solution for turbo matching performance is through Data-Logger method. The objective this research is to evaluate the appropriateness of turbo matching of A58N70 and A58N75 turbocharger for the TATA 497 TCIC -BS III engine for suggesting best one. The compressor map is used comparing solution by methods. In the data logger method the road conditions like rough, highway, city drive, slope up and slope down were considered for vehicle operations
ASSESSMENT OF PQ DISTURBANCES CLASSIFICATION AND COMPRESSION ALGORITHM USING DTCWT published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Prathibha *1 , Manjunath 2 , Cyril prasanna raj Electrical power quality (PQ) disturbance has become an important issue in India. On a distribution network, it is mainly caused by various nonlinear loads. Due to the varying power produced, it is affected by penetration of solar PV system as well. Therefore it is necessary detect and classify PQ events in account of evaluating a PQ problem. In other side due to increase of smart meters in smart grid, need to analyze huge collected data for small period, requires compression technique to reduce the data storage and transmit as well. This paper presents Dual Tree Complex Wavelet Transform (DTCWT) based PQ classification based on sub bands energy levels. Two stages FFNN architecture is designed to classify different PQ events to improve classification process. This also presents DTCWT based data compression algorithm to reduce the PQ data and develop algorithm, which is suitable for real time applications in smart grids.
ASSESSMENT THE COLOR FASTNESS OF DEVELOPED PRINTING PASTE USING INDALCA GUM WITH ACID DYE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mrs. Tanvi Kumari*1 and Dr. Divya Rani Singh Various class of dye have different fastness properties to various extents. Even dyes those who are belonging to the same class have widely varying fastness properties. A single dye which dyes all the textile material (fiber) is not made yet. In present study acid dye was used for silk fabric because silk is a protein fiber so acid dye is excellent for printing and Indalca gum is stable in both acidic and alkaline conditions so it is good for printing with acid dye on silk. Applying colour on fabric in different shape or design is textile printing. In textile printing colour is bounded with fabric. Various printing style were used for printing. After printing or dyeing it is necessary to have excellent fastness. For checking the fastness, various tests was done. These were washing, rubbing fastness and blue wool scale was used to assess the light fastness.
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