Chemical characteristics of raw, processed and stored honey of indigenous giant bee apis dorsata F.and hive bee apis cerana indica
Balasubramanyam, M.V.1, Ramesha Iyyanahalli1 and Jayaram, K.M.2
Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
Multifloral honey of indigenous giant honeybee A. dorsata (wild) and Indian hivebee, A. cerana indica
(apiary) were collected in and around Bangalore rural and urban districts and its chemical
characteristics of total reducing sugars (TRS), non-reducing sugars (NRS), ash, acidity and pH in raw,
processed and stored honey were determined during February 2011 to March 2012. The TRS of A.
dorsata and A.cerana raw honey was 73.01% and 72.45% while NRS of processed honey of A. cerana
and A.dorsata was 4.15% and 4.32% respectively. The ash content of A. dorsata and A.cerana stored
honey was 1.53% and 1.47%, while acidity of A. dorsata and A.cerana raw honey was 0.471 and 0.452
respectively. Similarly, pH of A. dorsata and A.cerana processed honey was 4.12 and 3.92 respectively.
The TRS, NRS and pH of raw honey was more than that of stored honey of A.dorsata and A.cerana. The
ash and acidity of raw honey was less in stored honey than raw honey of both wild and apiary
honeybee species. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) of TRS and ash content of raw, processed and
stored honey of A.dorsata and A.cerana was significant at p