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Paper Details

Varicose vein: recent complications in humans

Girish P. Laddha1, G.Vidyasagar1, Sunil R. Bavaskar2, Vikram Mahale2, Mahendra Rathod2

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

In daily life human being and their survival is more difficult. In normal life continuous circulation of blood to the each and every organ is possible with arteries and veins. These circulations are mean by the internal lumen diameter and their structure throughout the life. Different diet habits in the different peoples and regions and less physical exercise is the main cause of varicose vein problem. Varicose veins, commonly referred to as varicosities, represent enlarged collaterals (branches) of socalled saphenous venous system affected by a disease called superficial venous insufficiency of lower extremities. Varicosities, therefore, constitute not a disease, but a symptom of superficial venous insufficiency, coincidentally, by far not the most frequent symptom too. Heaviness, tiredness, swelling, pain, muscle cramps, difficulties walking and even standing are some of other symptoms of the above disease.Non-surgical treatments include sclerotherapy, elastic stockings, elevating the legs, and exercise. The traditional surgical treatment has been vein stripping to remove the affected veins. Newer, less invasive treatments which seal the main leaking vein on the thigh are available. Alternative techniques, such as ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, radiofrequency ablation and endovenous laser treatment, are available as well. Because most of the blood in the legs is returned by the deep veins, the superficial veins, which return only about 10 per cent of the total blood of the legs, can usually be removed or ablated without serious harm.