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Paper Details

Sustainable groundwater use management in Ghana

Crentsil Kofi Bempah

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

In Ghana, groundwater development is seen as the only cost effective way of meeting dispersed and growing rural and urban demands. Whilethisrealization has underpinnedmost rural water supply initiatives in Ghana for some time, in the urban and metropolitan cities the realization is relatively new. The need to satisfy the basic water needs of some 12 million people neglected under old policies has given groundwater a new role. Against this background, the importance of groundwater, particularly in rural areas where the resource is typically the only perennial source of supply, cannot be overestimated. Currently, Ghanas groundwater governance regime does not provide the capacity to assure effective and sustainable resource regulation and allocation. To date, the management of groundwater is hampered by a variety of uncertainties, such as global climate change and socio-economic growth, as well as ineffective governance structures affecting resource use, regulation, protection and the implementation of alternative strategies needed to achieve sustainable management. This paper therefore addresses challenges and hurdles impeding sustainable and efficient groundwater use in Ghana, factors affecting groundwater supplies and use, methods that promote the wise use of groundwater supplies, need to determine strategies that promote groundwater sustainability. As a means to tackle these challenges, it has been assumed that the concept of pressing ahead with prescience and forethought into a future of sustainable water resources, by taking into account complex system linkages between hydrogeological, political, socioeconomic and environmental domains. Supporting principles must be developed to achieve institutional change in the political arena of groundwater management.