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Paper Details

Antibacterial efficacy of Mokkathotapapada leaf extracts of Piper betel L. Cv. Kapoori, a local cultivar (Green gold of India)

N.L. Swapna*1, K. Ammani2 and Harikrishna.R.P. Saripalli3

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

India is a treasure house of a wide variety of medicinal plants. Some species are found wild, while a number of species have been domesticated by the farmers. India is known to be the richest repository of medicinal plants amongst the ancient civilizations, About 8,000 herbal remedies have been codified in Ayurveda. The recorded medicinal plants in Rigveda (5000 BC) 67species, Yajurveda81 species, Atharvaveda (4500-2500 BC) 290 species, CharakSamhita (700 BC) and SushrutSamhita (200 BC) had described properties and uses of 1100 and 1270 species respectively, in compounding of drugs and these are still used in the classical formulations, in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. It has been estimated that in India, plant drugs constitute as much as 80% of the total drugs. India is the worlds 12th biodiversity centre with the presence of over 45000 different plant species. In India, drugs of herbal origin have been used in customary medicines such as Unani and Ayurveda. Traditional systems of medicine keep on to be widely practised on many accounts. Many of the green plants synthesizes and bottle a variety of biochemical products, many of which are extractable and used as chemical feed stocks or as raw material for various scientific investigations. In accordance with this information, Piper betel L. (Green gold of India), which is commonly considered as a traditional medicinal plant, was taken for the study. Solvent extracts of Mokkathotapapada leaves of Piper betel L. Cv. Kapoori made in ether, chloroform, ethanol and methanol were tested for antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Corynebacterium diphtheria, Xanthomonas citrovorum, Proteus vulgaris and Staphylococcus aureus. The ether extracts showed high activity against tested bacteria even at lowest concentrations. Among the solvent extracts, ether extracts of Mokkathotapapada of leaves of Piper betel L. Cv. Kapoori, exhibited high antibacterial activity compared with other solvent extracts.