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Paper Details

Non-Edible Oils of Assam as Potential Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production: A Review

Sanjay Basumatary

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Biodiesel, mixture of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME), is an alternative and renewable fuel for diesel engines. The demand for biodiesel is increasing worldwide because of the limited reserves of fossil fuels, increasing prices of crude oils and environmental concerns. As the demand for edible vegetable oils has increased tremendously in recent years, it is impossible to use these oils for biodiesel production. Moreover, these oils could be more expensive to use as fuel. So, use of alternative biodiesel feedstocks like non-edible vegetable oils should be given prime importance for the production of biodiesel. Assam (8950/ E to 9610/ E and 2430/ N to 2810/ N) is one of the richest biodiversity zones in NE region of India. In the forests of North East India particularly in Assam, a large variety of non-edible oilseed bearing trees and shrub species are available for use as a biodiesel. In this paper, an attempt is being taken to review on some non-edible oils found particularly in Assam viz. yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana), koroch (Pongamia glabra), terminalia (Terminalia belerica) and nahar (Mesua ferrea) as feedstocks for biodiesel industries.