Heterogeneity in Honeybees Populations of India Reveled by RAPD Analysis
M.Shivashankar1, N.M.Guruprasad2, 3 and N.Chandan1*
Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
Honeybees are agricultural, ecological and economically important insect.
Honeybees produce honey and are an important pollinator of agricultural crops. In the
present investigation, an attempt had been made to understand the genetic diversity in
different Indian population of honeybee by using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA
(RAPD) marker. The four Indian honeybee population viz., Apis florae, A.cerana, A.dorsata
and A.mellilferagenerated 124 distinct bands, out of which 84 bands (67.7%) were
polymorphic and 60 bands (48.3%) were monomorphic respectively. Further, a dendogram
generated by UPGMA method, which divides the colonies into two groups according to
their origin. These results clearly indicated evidence of genetic diversity in the selected
Indian honeybee populations.This study expands the scope for further studyof
microevolution and several fitness benefits on honeybee for commercial exploitation.