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Paper Details

Biodiesel-Renewable Fuel, Environmental Implications and Its Handling

M.Sakunthala1, V.Sridevi2*, K.Vijay kumar3 and K.Rani4

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Several attempts have been made by researchers across the globe to counter the effects of the growing information related to the finite nature of the present fossil fuel reserve and the associated hazards. Biofuel has gained global popularity in this respect as a biomass based fuels that have been tipped as a timely candidate. This review strictly focuses on biodiesel of all biomass derived biofuel. Biofuel production from renewable sources is widely considered to be one of the most sustainable alternatives to petroleum based fuels and a viable means for environmental and economic sustainability. Biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters), which is derived from triglycerides by transesterification with methanol, has attracted considerable attention during the past decade as a renewable, biodegradable, and nontoxic fuel. Several processes for biodiesel fuel production have been developed, among which transesterification using alkali-catalysis gives high levels of conversion of triglycerides to their corresponding methyl esters in short reaction times. This process has therefore been widely utilized for biodiesel fuel production in a number of countries.