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Paper Details

Climate Change Adaptation of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) 1: Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Extent of Biozyme Usage in Production of Potato Tubers

1 B. K. Karanja, 1,2 D. K. Isutsa* and 1 J. N. Aguyoh

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

A survey was conducted using a structured interview of 234 potato growers. A total of 60.2% of the respondents interviewed were men. Out of 84 respondents aged 26-40- years-old, 75 knew Biozyme. Most respondents (85.5%) had primary school education adequate in accessing information. There was a significant relationship between education level and awareness of Biozyme. A total of 82.1%, 79.5% and 80.8% respondents were involved in farming in Likia, Sururu and Mau-Narok locations, respectively. Most farmers with less than 2.5 acres farm size were aware that Biozyme could enhance productivity through intensified usage. Farmers were aware that application of Biozyme on potato plants increases tuber size and hastens physiological maturity. There was a significant relationship between gender, age, education and farming experience with awareness of Biozyme and its usage. The homogenous locations did not affect awareness of Biozyme. Majority of the growers (68.8%) reported applying Biozyme and 64% of the farmers reported harvesting their potatoes early to fetch premium returns. However, 41% of the farmers reported a loss of 11-20% during delayed marketing or storage. A total of 71% of the farmers were not aware of proper postharvest handling of potato tubers to reduce yield loss during storage. Storage losses were not a matter of concern by most farmers, although they could be higher than 20%. Therefore, farmers should be educated and sensitized by agricultural extension officers on proper agrochemical usage, potato tuber postharvest losses, curing and storage conditions.