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Paper Details

Genetic Pollution Biodiversity Traditional Concerns

M. C. Rao*

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Plant invasions arising from agricultural, forestry and other activities are becoming of increasing concern worldwide. Such invasions have traditionally been viewed as plants dispersing by seed beyond their intended area of use and becoming weeds. With regard to the potential harmfulness of the GMO there is a violent debate between those who believe that the advantages for medicine and for society are greater than the possible effects on the environment and those who state that too little is known to be able to use them and that the environment will feel the effect of the genetic pollution of the natural species with numerous consequences: the involuntary transmission of resistance to herbicides in infesting plants, the evolution of more resistant parasites, the increased use of herbicides, the disappearance of species of insects and as a consequence the loss of biodiversity. This bacterium that lives in the soil produces a protein that becomes toxic only in the insects intestine and causes its death. The protein is not toxic for humans nor for other animals, in fact, before the invention of these sophisticated techniques in genetic engineering, was it used as a natural insecticide, particularly in Canada to protect the forests from insect attacks. In this way it is possible to eradicate all the infesting plants without the need for further treatments with products that are extremely harmful for man and the environment.