Evaluation of circulating antigen in urine technique for diagnosis of Schistosoma haematobium infection
Ahmed Abdelhalim Yameny
Journal Title:Journal of Bioscience and Applied Research
Background : Diagnosis of urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis by detecting circulating Schistosome antigens in serum and urine have been developed and assessed to dissolve problems with parasitological diagnosis in low endemic areas or for early diagnosis, this study aimed to evaluate commercially available kit, using circulating antigen in urine as alternative for microscopic testing of urine to diagnose S.haematobium infection Subjects and methods: This study is a cross-sectional study designed to evaluate circulating antigen a commercially available kit was used for determine urinary schistosomiasis in the study population, this performed on 50 positiveS.haematobium samples and 50 negative samples for individuals matching in age and sex , in addition, urine microscopic examination was done for detection of S.haematobium eggs by sedimentation centrifugation and nuclepore filteration techniques. Results : The results showed that circulating antigen kit in urine had a sensitivity of 56% and specificity of 76%.. PPVs was 70% whereas NPVs was 63.3 %. As for diagnostic efficiency, it was 66%, where the area under the curve (AUC) was sufficient 0.63 . Conclusion and Recommendations: Years ago this commercial kit used in our study and in all medical laboratories in Egypt for detection of schistosome antigen in urine is called schistofast bilharzial antigen in urine , this study showed low sensitivity (56%) and lowe specificity (76) than expected resuls for detection of circulating antigen and they are generally more expensive than microscopic examination.