THESIS ABSTRACTS: Studying the Birth Outcome in Tikrit Teaching Hospital
Areej Muthana Noaman M.B.Ch.B.
Journal Title:Aalborg Academy Journal of Medical Sciences
Background : A successful birth outcome is defined as the birth of a healthy baby to a healthy mother. While relatively low in industrialized world, maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and neonatal deaths occur disproportionately in developing countries. Aim of the Study: To assess birth outcome and identify some risk factors affecting it for achieving favorable birth outcome in Tikrit Teaching Hospital. Objectives of the study :The study was conducted to : 1. Describe the sociodemographic background for the study subjects including maternal age, occupation, education, and smoking habit and their effect on birth outcome. 2. Recognize the extent and the factors which determine the perinatal mortality and morbidity. 3. Measure the frequency of birth outcome among delivered pregnant mothers in Tikrit Teaching Hospital . 4. Identify the effect of antenatal care, residency and mode of delivery on birth outcome. 5. Assess the effect of parity, birth spacing and medical and family history on birth outcome. 6. Find out the effect of fetal factors (including: number of fetuses, and their gender) on the birth outcome. 7. Recognize the benefit of Apgar score and its relationship with birth weight and birth outcome. Study design: The current work represents a cross sectional study, which included ( 714 ) pregnant women who gave birth in the delivery room in Tikrit Teaching Hospital in Tikrit city, for the period extended from the first of February to the end of July ( 2007 ) . This study was carried out in an attempt to study the birth outcome in Tikrit Teaching Hospital. A direct interview was done with every included delivered mother and a physical examination was conducted only for their newborn babies. Results: The outcome of ( 714 ) deliveries was evaluated and to be set as either favorable or unfavorable, it was found that the frequency of favorable outcome was 512 (71.7%) , while those who have unfavorable outcome (defined as having one or more of the following conditions : stillbirth , preterm, birth asphyxia , gross congenital anomaly, birth trauma or low birth weight) , was 202 (28.3 %) .