COMPARATIVE TRADITIONS OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES
Egbula, F. U.
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
The existing body of literature on research methods indicates that investigators persist with three methodological traditions. Either one is in the Humanities, Social Sciences or Science. This study examined the nature of each of the existing three research traditions and how they differ in their methodological approaches. The literature on research methods describes how the investigators in the humanities tradition depend heavily on the documentary methodology in their search for truth. In contrast, reports indicate that social science investigators lean heavily on the survey approach to establish evidence from their work. And for the scientist, there have been reported cases of heavy reliance on experimental methodology. This study was deducted from the theory of inter-subjectivity. This construction facilitated the understanding of the common ground on which the investigators from the three research traditions operate in their search for truth. Thus, researchers in all three traditions emphasize the significance of "validity" for which the inter-subjectivity theory provides a backbone. In order to analyze the tradition of each research design, the approaches of the historian, social scientist, and the natural and/or physical scientist were used as case studies. The conclusions arrived at in this study were based on the objective analyses of these case studies.