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Paper Details

THE EFFECT OF PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE ON IMPROVING COGNITION, COMPREHENSION AND ACHIEVEMENT OF SELECTED CHEMISTRY STUDENTS IN STEM EDUCATION

Omole, C. O. and Oloyede, O. I.

Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
Abstract


The main purpose of the study was to determine the effect of previous experience on student's cognition, comprehension and achievement on STEM Education, by using some selected content areas in chemistry as the area of focus. RCSQIE . Two research questions were investigated and four null hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level of significance. A quasi experimental design (Non equivalent control group design) was employed of which two Schools was picked for the study from Jos north local government area of plateau state. Two groups consisting of fourty students each from intact classrooms were used for the study of which one was used for the control group and the other was used as the experimental group. The target population was SSS II students. Three instruments were used for the data collection and a treatment was administered only to the experimental group. Both groups were handled by research assistants. The instruments were validated and a reliability value of 0.89 was established by the kunder Richardson formula. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the experimental and the control groups post test results, which goes to show that RCSQIE as an instructional strategy had a positive impact in improving the cognitive levels and achievement of the students which could prove useful in aiding STEM education. Among the recommendations made was that teachers should go an extra mile to encourage students to read ahead, ask questions and form notes on their own to improve comprehension.

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