GENDER DIFFERENCES IN HIV AND AIDS IN AFRICA: THE ROLE OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL PRACTICES
Dorathy I. Achalu
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
The HIV and AIDS epidemic continues to be a major public health problem worldwide especially in Africa. Research shows that sub-Saharan Africa is the hardest hit region of the world accounting for about 95% of people living with AIDS. Also, research shows that women are more vulnerable to HIV infection than men with women accounting for about 57% of adults living with HIV in Africa. Gender has a powerful influence on sexual health and plays a significant role in the transmission of HIV infection in Africa. This paper examines role of gender stereotypes and inequality as well as other socio-cultural, socio-economic and biological factors contributing to the gender differences in the HIV and AIDS epidemics in Africa.