IMMINENT COLLAPSE OF THE NIGERIA FOURTH (4TH) REPUBLIC: A REALISTIC ASSESSMENT OF MAJOR SIGNPOSTS
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
The first civilian republic was officially inaugurated in 1959 and lasted eight years before the advent of the military. The second civilian administration barely survived for four years, 1970-1983, the third republic was aborted in the throes of delivery, under General Babangida in 1993, two years after the process started from below. This fourth republic started in 1999 and has recorded many novel firsts: the first civilian administration to last more than ten years; the first to witness three successful civilian successions at the federal level, the first to transfer power from one region to another peacefully. In spite of these firsts, the clamour for total overhaul or drastic return to the past is getting louder. These calls are not emanating from the known military apologists. This development should not be taken for granted as the issue deserves proper understanding and placement. The continued survival of democracy, despites its shortcomings, appears to have guaranteed Nigeria smooth passage and respectability in the committee of sovereign states. The black man should not be seen as incapable of running and maintaining a system which other nations in the third world had successfully run for over fifty years with noticeable gains and societal transformation. There is the need to study the underlying grounds for the sudden romantic appeal of the past and to understand the social adjustments needed to stem the slide from the mundane to the dangerous precipice.