EFFECTS OF COOPERATIVE, COMPETITIVE AND INDIVIDUALISTIC INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' ATTITUDE TOWARDS MATHEMATICS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
Olojo, O. J.
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
The study investigated effects of cooperative, competitive and individualistic instructional strategies on senior school students' attitudes towards Mathematics in Ondo State, Nigeria. The study adopted the quasi-experimental research design of the pretest and posttest control group type. The sample consisted of 400 senior secondary school two students who were selected from eight secondary schools in Ondo State using purposive random sampling technique. Two research instruments were developed for the study. The instruments were Pre - Test Mathematics Attitude Scale (PMAS) and Post - test Mathematics Attitude Scale (MAS). The reliability coefficients of the instruments were 0.85 and 0.89 respectively. The two null hypotheses generated were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Post - Hoc analysis of the form Sheffe test was carried out to determine the point at significance existed. The result showed that there was a significant difference in the attitude of students when exposed to mathematical concepts using cooperative, competitive, individualistic and conventional instructional strategies. It was also found that individualistic, competitive, cooperative and conventional learning strategies (in that order) have the potency of effecting better attitude in students when exposed to mathematical concepts. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that teachers should make individualistic learning strategy a fundamental part of their instructions.