FUNDING PATTERN TO PUBLIC PRIMARY EDUCATION IN OYO STATE: IMPLICATIONS FOR BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
Oloruntoyin, S. T.
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
This study investigated the funding patterns to public primary education in Oyo State of Nigeria between 1990-2004. The study adopted the descriptive research design using ex-post facto type. All the primary schools in Oyo State as at year 2004 were used for the study. Given the focus of the study, the data utilized was mainly secondary in nature. Data collection template was designed and taken to the State's ministries of finance and education for input. Data were also sourced from National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) most current edition of statistical bulletin. Data were analysed using percentages, mean values and multiple regression. Findings revealed that for the entire period (1990-2004), the State had a low percentage point change in absolute spending. The study therefore concluded that the present level of funding educational development in the primary schools in Oyo State was well below what was required to enable her citizens benefit from the worldwide trends towards reduced illiteracy, poverty and improved living conditions. There is therefore the need for a re-orientation on resource allocation to primary education based on the necessary parameters namely: students' enrolment, number of staff, inflation and cost of education by the State.