THE INFLUENCE OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE ON THE MEASUREMENT OF STUDENTS' ABILITY IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES
Emaikwu, S. O.
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
The purpose of this work was to assess the influence of examination malpractices on the measurement of students’ ability in Nigerian universities. The design of this research was survey. A sample of 300 students and 100 lecturers randomly selected from four universities in North Central Nigeria was used in this study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire developed by the researcher. It was affirmed that examination malpractice is caused by undue emphasis on paper qualification, fear of failure and inadequate preparation among other factors. The results also indicated that the major types of examination malpractice being perpetuated in Nigerian universities are bringing in foreign materials, collusion by students to cheat in examination and continuous assessment malpractice by lecturers. It was revealed that examination malpractice could lead to lack of confidence in our educational products, results in half-baked graduates, discouragement of hardwork and reduces the standard of education. The study maintains that the calamity of examination malpractice is not just the havoc it is wrecking in the educational system but the gradual indoctrination of youths into the culture of fraud. It therefore recommends that laws on examination malpractice should be implemented and that guidance and counseling services should be adequately provided in universities to minimize the incidence of examination malpractice.