Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Accompanying Learning Difficulties Experienced in Solving Mathematical Problems among Primary School Pupils in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria
Asamaigo, E. E.
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
This study investigates the accompanying learning difficulties experienced in solving Mathematical problems among Primary School Pupils in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria as result of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The aim is to evaluate the effects of Co-operative Learning Strategy and Contingency Contracting Technique on mathematics achievement of pupils with ADHD in Warri, Nigeria. The study adopted pretest, post-test, control group quasiexperimental research design with a 3 x 2 x 2 factorial matrix. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 90 participants, three public primary schools and three local government areas in Warri. The participants were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Participants in the two treatment groups were exposed to eight weeks of Co-operative Learning Strategy and Contingency Contracting Technique. Two instruments used were: Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale and Woodcock-Johnson III Mathematics Fluency Achievement Tests Scale. Four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and data analysed using Analysis of Covariance and MCA. The result of the study reveals the fact that mathematics achievement of pupils with ADHD could be fostered to enhance better academic accomplishment with the use of these intervention programmes. Therefore, it is recommended that teachers of pupils with ADHD and accompanying learning difficulties in mathematics should adopt the two strategies to reinforce positive attitude to teaching learning situation of these children.