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Paper Details

Effects of Self-Efficacy and Transactional Analysis Techniques in Enhancing Social Competence among Socially-Isolated Pupils in Private Primary Schools in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria

Nlemadim, M. C. and Falaye, Ajibola

Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society

The negative impact of social isolation on the developmental life span of children can result to social maladjustment. Affected children could find it difficult to initiate, maintain and sustain social interpersonal relationship and this has implications on their well-being. Therefore, this study determines the effects of self-efficacy and transactional analysis techniques in enhancing social competence among socially isolated pupils in private primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. It also examines the moderating effects of friendship ability making skills and gender on social competence. The study adopted pre-test-post-test, control group experimental design with a 3x2x2 factorial matrix. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select three local governments and 60 participants from three private primary schools in Ibadan. The participants were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Participants in the two treatment groups were exposed to eight weeks of self-efficacy and transactional analysis techniques training. Three instruments used were: Loneliness questionnaire, Scale of Social Competence and School Adjustment and Peer Attachment Inventory (PAI). Data were analysed using Analysis of Covariance and Sheffe post hoc. It is revealed among others that there was a significant main effect of treatment on social competence score of socially isolated pupils. Also, there was significant main effect of friendship ability making skills on social competence of participants. However, there was no significant main effect of gender on the social competence of male and female participants. Hence, teachers should endeavour to create interactive environment that would enable pupils relate with each other during and after classroom teaching learning situation. This would motivate pupils to overcome their social incompetence and be socially competent