CLIMATE RESPONSIVE ARCHITECTURE: CREATING GREATER DESIGN AWARENESS AMONG ARCHITECTS
Kabiru S. Daroda
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
Climate has always challenged man in his quest for a better life. The elements of weather have affected all spheres of man's activities and have shaped his instinctive responses leading to largely disruptive effects to the natural environmental equilibrium. Nothing is more basic to human existence as food and shelter. The search for habitable dwellings which offer comfort, security and relief brings into focus the need for buildings which respond to particular local climatic and environmental conditions. This paper primarily aimed at creating greater design awareness among architects on designing climate responsive architectures. It strives to provide suggestions to architects (who lead the building professionals) on employing an organized approach to designs to suit specific climates. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended among others that architects should embrace a proper interpretation of location and climate parameters. Also, architectural designs must harmonize passive and active cooling/heating strategies. This may include sun shading, thermal insulation and cross-ventilation in combination with active systems, such as air conditioning.