Plants Used As Anti-Anaemic and Haematinic Agents among Indigenes in Ijero Local Government Area, Ekiti State, Nigeria
M. A. Adeniran and F.A. Falemu
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
The central discourse of this work is on the plants used by the indigenes of Ijero Local Government Area of Ekiti State for the prevention and treatment of blood disorders such as anaemia and haemolysis (the breakdown of red blood cells and their haemoglobins). Mention is made of plants used as anti-sickling agents for the treatment of sickle-cell anaemia. Herbal treatment of other forms of anaemia such as microcytic and megaloblastic anaemia were discussed. The research design for this study is Survey design. Materials and method for the study include the use of interviews (two-way communication), semi-structured questionnaire matrix and normal field technique for plant collection. In the study, 46 botanicals that have anti-anaemic and haematinic properties were discussed. The treatise includes the general descriptions of the plants, their local and scientific names and the parts of the plants used. Their methods of preparation were enumerated as well as the medicinal significance of all enlisted botanicals. Consequent upon the findings, the justification for this study includes that the use of haematinic plants would help rural and urban dwellers to overcome problems of anaemia and haemolysis, caused by constant malaria attack on children and adults which is prevalent in the study area. Rural and urban dwellers in the study area would be able to identify and learn to use anti-anaemic and blood-building plants already left un-utilized due to people’s ignorance and lack of ethnobotanical education. It is therefore submitted that The State Department of Health should encourage research into the use of medicinal plants to supplement orthodox medications available.