Mechanisms Used By School Principals to Achieve Effective Instructional Supervision in Delta State Public Secondary Schools, Nigeria
Oroye-Okpoudhu, Rachael Zino
Journal Title:Journal of Research in Education and Society
This study examined mechanisms used by principals to achieve effective instructional supervision in Delta State public secondary schools. It was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses. The study is a descriptive survey adopting the ex-post-facto design. The population of the study was 452 public secondary school principals in Delta State as at 2018/2019 academic year. Stratified sampling technique was used to sample 226 public secondary school principals in Delta State. A self-developed instrument titled “Instructional Supervision Mechanism Questionnaire (ISMQ)” was used to gather information from the respondents. The responses were converted into mean scores and standard deviation for the purpose of answering the research questions while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Result shows that principals in Delta State public secondary school use instructional supervision mechanism such as; checking of teachers’ lesson note/plan, ensure that teachers follow the scheme of work, classroom visitation, teachers use useful instructional materials, provide feedback to teachers soon after classroom visitation and recommend ways teachers can enhance their instruction. Also administrative experiences of principals influence their use of instructional supervision mechanism in Delta State public secondary schools. It is consequently recommended among others that principals in Delta State secondary schools should continue to apply mechanisms such as checking of teachers’ lesson note/plan and ensure that teachers use useful instructional materials, provide feedback to teachers soon after classroom visitation and recommend ways teachers can enhance their instruction.