Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis among Pregnant Women Attending Ante-Natal Care in Kano, Nigeria
Farouk S. Nas1, Abdullahi Yahaya2, Lurwan Muazu3, Shu’aibu N. Halliru4, and Muhammad Ali5*
1Dept. of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria; 2Dept. of Biological Sciences, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Nigeria; 3Dept. of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Gusau, Nigeria; 4Dept. of Biology, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kano, Nigeria; and 5Dept. of Microbiology, Federal University, Gusau, Nigeria.
*Corresponding author: email@example.com (Muhammad Ali, Dept of Microbiology, Federal University, Nigeria)
Journal Title:European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Trichomoniasis, caused by the protozoan parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis, is a common but curable sexually transmitted disease affecting millions around the world. The study was aimed to determine the prevalence of T. vaginalis among pregnant women attending ante-natal care at Yan-awaki maternity in Kano, Northern Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted among one hundred and eighty-four (184) pregnant women attending the hospital. A total of 184 High Vaginal Swabs (HVS) were collected the pregnant women with their consent and examined for the presence of T. vaginalis microscopically. From the result, T. vaginalis was detected in 23 out of the 184 samples which accounted for 12.5% of the pregnant women. The pregnant women between the age category 26-30 years had the highest prevalence of 4.34 % while the least prevalence was recorded among pregnant women of age category above 40, though the difference in the prevalence among ages is not significant at p<0.05. On the basis of the gestation period, pregnant women in the first trimester had the highest prevalence than that of second and third trimesters. It is concluded that Trichomoniasis is one of the infections of pregnant women.