Clinical, Hematobiochemical And Trace-Elements Alterations In Camels With Sarcoptic Mange (Sarcoptes Scabiei Var Cameli) Accompanied By Secondary Pyoderma
Journal Title:Journal of Applied Veterinary Sciences
Sarcoptic mange is a common, zoonotic and important disease facing camel farming systems with grave economic losses. The present study was applied to estimate the effect of sarcoptic mange on clinical condition, hematobiochemical criteria and trace-element status among camels in Egypt. A total number of thirty dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) were investigated in the present study. The animals were divided into fourteen diseased camels affected with sarcoptic mange and sixteen apparently healthy camels. Complete case history and clinical examination included respiration, pulse rates and body temperature was applied. The main clinical manifestations included over thickening of the skin with scales, fissuring, intense itching, unthriftiness, weight loss, and debility. Clinical examination showed significant increase (P≤0.05) and (P≤0.01) for respiration and pulse rates respectively in affected camels. Hematological analysis in diseased camels showed a significant decrease in PCV (P≤0.05), Hb (P≤0.001), RBCs count (P≤0.01), MCHC (P≤0.001) and relative (%) lymphocytic level (P≤0.001) while significant increase was recorded for MCV (P≤0.01), TLC (P≤0.01), relative (%) neutrophils (P≤0.001) and eosinophils levels (P≤0.01). Results of biochemical constituents in affected camels showed a significant decrease (P≤0.001) in total protein, albumin, glucose and zinc levels while A/G ratio showed significant (P≤0.01) decrease. Both serum total iron and copper levels showed a significant (P≤0.05) decrease in diseased camels compared to healthy camels. Skin swab samples revealed Staphylococcus spp. in the majority of mange infected cases indicating secondary pyoderma. In conclusion, sarcoptic mange had a deleterious effect on physical, hematobiochemical condition and trace-element status in camels.