Low Prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Infection in Gujarat and Maharashtra States of Western India
Sulabhsinh Solanki, Nikhil Patel, Deepak Amarapurkar, Anjali Amrapurkar, Sanjay Patel, Chetan Lakhani, Payal Patel, Ayusi Patel, Parthvi Dani, Jinal Ka Patel, Lisma Patel, Hetal Patel, Ankita Thakkar and Nitiraj Shete.
Journal Title:Acta Scientific Microbiology
Prevalence of hepatitis B viral infection (HBV) in India is varying from 3 to 12%, which falls in to intermediate prevalence zone. Prevalence of hepatitis C viral infection (HCV) in India varies from 0.3 to 4% among blood donor population. Previous data from western India suggests HBV prevalence of 1.6 - 5.9% and HCV prevalence of 0.2 - 15.9%. Most of these data are almost 10 years old and based on selected population. Therefore, the main aim of the present study was to find out recent prevalence of HBV and HCV from multiple sources. Data on prevalence of HBV and HCV was collected prospectively from multiple sources that include general population, blood donor population, hospital attending population, and liver clinic population. HBV prevalence was as follows: gen-eral population data: 166/1758 (0.94%); blood donor data: 2039/172316 (1.18%) hospital attending population: 133/13177 (1%); liver clinic data: 2637/12251 (21.5%). HCV prevalence was as follows: general population: 1/2388 (0.040%); blood donor data: 666/171306 (0.38%); hospital attending population: 12/2597 (0.46%) liver clinic data: 916/12251 (7.4%). In Western India, there is very low prevalence of HBV and HCV; making it a low prevalence area.