HOME BASED MANAGEMENT OF DIARRHEA AMONG MOTHERS OF UNDERFIVE CHILDREN IN JIMMA, ETHIOPIA
1 Ebissa Bayana, 2 Adugna Olani, 3 YonasBiratu, 4 Bikila Taresa
Journal Title:International Journal of Medical Studies
Background: Diarrhea is the passage of three or more loose or watery stools in a 24-hour period. It is one of
the major causes of morbidity and mortality in under -five children in developing countries. It is caused by
multiple viral, bacterial, and parasites.
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess home based management of diarrhea among mothers having
under-five children in Jimma, Ethiopia.
Method: Community based cross sectional study design was conducted among 360 samples and systematic
sampling technique was used to collect data from respondents. Data were entered using Epi Data version 3.1 and exported to Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23 for analysis. Binary and multiple logistic regression analysis were done to see association between variables. Finally, Variables having p value <0.05 at 95% confidence interval were considered as statistically significant.
Result: Out of all participants, 90 (25.6%) of them were in the age group of 25-29 years and the mean age of
the respondents were 30.17±7.443. Out of ten practice questions asked to caregivers of under-five children
about home-based diarrhea management, 191 (54.3%) of them had a good practice. Age, educational status, marital status, family size and attitude of mother’s/care givers were significantly associated to home based management of diarrhea.
Conclusion: More than half of the study participants have a good practice of home-based diarrheal
management. Jimma health bureau and health extension workers should take responsibility on demonstrating the community on how to manage children with diarrhea at home.
Keywords: Home-Based, Management, Diarrhea, Under-Five, Mothers, Jimma.