Frequency of Mitral Valve Prolapse in Apparently Healthy Children in Alexandria Governorate
Nada Alaa Mohamed Diab 1; Lotfy Abdel-Fattah El-Seheimy2; Aly Mohamed Abd Elmohsen3
1Department of Pediatrics, Sporting student hospital, Alexandria, Egypt.
2Department of Pediatrics, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt
3Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt
Journal Title:International Journal of Medical Arts
Background: Mitral valve prolapse is common with a reported prevalence ranging from 2–3%, Mitral valve prolapse and its possible complications is not yet studied in Egyptian children.
Aim of the work: To study the frequency of mitral valve, prolapse in apparently healthy children aging between 3 to 15 years old.
Patients and Methods:A cross sectional study, the study sample contained 150 apparently healthy child selected by non-systemic random sample, 78 males (52.0%) and 72 females (48.0%), with age ranged from 3-15 years old, the mean age was 2.36 years, living at Alexandria governorate and fulfilling the inclusion criteria coming for outpatient office visits for well child care at sporting students’ hospital, Alexandria, through the period from March 2018 through April 2019.
Results: The frequency of mitral valve prolapse in children in Alexandria governorate was found in 18 cases (12.0%), 17 cases of them (11.4%) had mitral regurge [MR]. MVP was more frequent among females (63.6%) than males (36.4%) but the difference did not reach statistically significant difference (p>0.05). echocardiographic examination reflects the mild nature of the disease.
Conclusion: Mitral valve prolapse reported in 12% of apparently healthy children, which reflects the magnitude of the problem. Female children were more affected. This indicates the importance of screening healthy children to early diagnose the condition and permit early treatment.